When choosing the right natural stone

Did you know, every piece of natural stone is as unique as a finger print! With all the different variety’s, colours, and veining’s, even stones of the same kind can have many variations. Understandably, it can seem over whelming at times to know which path to go down. Our goal here is to hopefully learn something new, and help make a decision of which stone is best for you!

Before making a purchase, it’s important to understand the different types of natural stone there are, and the first step to that is learning how natural stone is made.

A Natural Stone slab is hardened organic rock and minerals found in layers of the earth’s crust. Pressure, erosion, water, heat and expansion of the earth’s layers over thousands of years created rock bed.

There are 3 way that natural stone is formed.

Metamorphism of rock formation

Metamorphic rocks arise from the transformation of existing rock to new types of rock in a process called metamorphism. The original rock is subjected to temperatures greater than 150 to 200 °C and often, elevated pressure of 100 megapascals or more, causing profound physical or chemical changes.

Igneous formation of rocks

Igneous rocks are formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava. The magma can be derived from partial melts of existing rocks in either a planet’s mantle or crust

Sedimentation of rock formation 

Sedimentary rocks are the product of 1. weathering of preexisting rocks, 2. transport of the weathering products, 3. deposition of the material, followed by 4. compaction, and 5. cementation of the sediment to form a rock.

Marble, Quartzite, and Slate have known types of metamorphic rocks in the industry. Quartzites are forming at the deepest layers of earth surface white marble at the mid-level, and slates are almost near the top surface.

Therefore, quartzites are the sturdiest stones, while marbles are softer. Slates are fragile due to less compaction and unique layering patterns. Quartzite and slates are rich in silica (Quartz) whereas, marble is rich in lime and assimilation of organic substances including fossils. 

Okay now that the Geology lesson is out of the way, let’s narrow things down and discover what stone is best for you.

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